The MathJax.Hub Object

The MathJax Hub, MathJax.Hub, is the main control structure for MathJax. It is where input and output jax are tied together, and it is what handles processing of the MathJax <script> tags. Processing of the mathematics on the page may require external files to be loaded (when the mathematics includes less common functionality, for example, that is defined in an extension file), and since file loading is asynchronous, a number of the methods below may return before their actions are completed. For this reason, they include callback functions that are called when the action completes. These can be used to synchronize actions that require the mathematics to be completed before those actions occur. See the Using Callbacks documentation for more details.

Properties

config: { ... }

This holds the configuration parameters for MathJax. Set these values using MathJax.Hub.Config() described below. The options and their default values are given in the Core Options reference page.

processSectionDelay: 50

The pause (in milliseconds) between input and output phases of MathJax’s processing. Set this to 0 to avoid jitter when updating output frequently (e.g., in a live preview environment).

processUpdateTime: 250

The minimum time (in milliseconds) between updates of the “Processing Math” message. After this amount of time has passed, and after the next equation has finished being processed, MathJax will stop processing momentarily so that the update message can be displayed, and so that the browser can handle user interaction.

processUpdateDelay: 10

The amount of time (in milliseconds) that MathJax pauses after issuing its processing message before starting the processing again (to give browsers time to handle user interaction).

signal

The hub processing signal (tied to the MathJax.Hub.Register.MessageHook() method).

queue

MathJax’s main processing queue. Use MathJax.Hub.Queue() to push callbacks onto this queue.

Browser

The name of the browser as determined by MathJax. It will be one of Firefox, Safari, Chrome, Opera, MSIE, Konqueror, or unknown. This is actually an object with additional properties and methods concerning the browser:

version

The browser version number, e.g., "4.0"

isMac and isPC

These are boolean values that indicate whether the browser is running on a Macintosh computer or a Windows computer. They will both be false for a Linux computer.

isMobile

This is true when MathJax is running a mobile version of a WebKit or Gecko-based browser.

isFirefox, isSafari, isChrome, isOpera, isMSIE, isKonqueror

These are true when the browser is the indicated one, and false otherwise.

versionAtLeast(version)

This tests whether the browser version is at least that given in the version string. Note that you can not simply do a numeric comparison, as version 4.10 should be considered later than 4.9, for example. Similarly, 4.10 is different from 4.1, for instance.

Select(choices)

This lets you perform browser-specific functions. Here, choices is an object whose properties are the names of the browsers and whose values are the functions to be performed. Each function is passed one parameter, which is the MathJax.Hub.Browser object. You do not need to include every browser as one of your choices — only those for which you need to do special processing. For example:

MathJax.Hub.Browser.Select({
  MSIE: function (browser) {
    if (browser.versionAtLeast("8.0")) {... do version 8 stuff ... }
    ... do general MSIE stuff ...
  },

  Firefox: function (browser) {
    if (browser.isMac) {... do Mac stuff ... }
    ... do general Firefox stuff
  }
});
inputJax

An object storing the MIME types associated with the various registered input jax (these are the types of the <script> tags that store the math to be processed by each input jax).

outputJax

An object storing the output jax associate with the various element jax MIME types for the registered output jax.

Methods

Config(options)

Sets the configuration options (stored in MathJax.Hub.config) to the values stored in the options object. See Configuring MathJax for details on how this is used and the options that you can set.

Parameters:
  • options — object containing options to be set
Returns:

null

Configured()

When delayStartupUntil is specified in the configuration file or in the script that loads MathJax.js, MathJax’s startup sequence is delayed until this routine is called. See Configuring MathJax for details on how this is used.

Returns:null
Register.PreProcessor(callback)

Used by preprocessors to register themselves with MathJax so that they will be called during the MathJax.Hub.PreProcess() action.

Parameters:
  • callback — the callback specification for the preprocessor
Returns:

null

Register.MessageHook(type,callback)

Registers a listener for a particular message being sent to the hub processing signal (where PreProcessing, Processing, and New Math messages are sent). When the message equals the type, the callback will be called with the message as its parameter.

The following is an example for using the MessageHook to list internal errors within MathJax which would otherwise be silent:

MathJax.Hub.Register.MessageHook("TeX Jax - parse error",function (message) {
// do something with the error.  message[1] will contain the data about the error.
});

MathJax.Hub.Register.MessageHook("Math Processing Error",function (message) {
//  do something with the error.  message[2] is the Error object that records the problem.
});
Parameters:
  • type — a string indicating the message to look for
  • callback — a callback specification
Returns:

null

Register.StartupHook(type,callback)

Registers a listener for a particular message being sent to the startup signal (where initialization and component startup messages are sent). When the message equals the type, the callback will be called with the message as its parameter. See the Using Signals documentation for more details.

Parameters:
  • type — a string indicating the message to look for
  • callback — a callback specification
Returns:

null

Register.LoadHook(file,callback)

Registers a callback to be called when a particular file is completely loaded and processed. (The callback is called when the file makes its MathJax.Ajax.loadComplete() call.) The file should be the complete file name, e.g., "[MathJax]/config/default.js".

Parameters:
  • file — the name of the file to wait for
  • callback — a callback specification
Returns:

the callback object

Queue(callback, ...)

Pushes the given callbacks onto the main MathJax command queue. This synchronizes the commands with MathJax so that they will be performed in the proper order even when some run asynchronously. See Using Queues for more details about how to use queues, and the MathJax queue in particular. You may supply as many callback specifications in one call to the Queue() method as you wish.

Parameters:
  • callback — a callback specification
Returns:

the callback object for the last callback added to the queue

Typeset([element[, callback]])

Calls the preprocessors on the given element (or elements if it is an array of elements), and then typesets any math elements within the element. If no element is provided, the whole document is processed. The element is either the DOM id of the element, a reference to the DOM element itself, or an array of id’s or references. The callback is called when the process is complete. See the Modifying Math section for details of how to use this method properly.

Parameters:
  • element — the element(s) whose math is to be typeset
  • callback — the callback specification
Returns:

the callback object

PreProcess([element[, callback]])

Calls the loaded preprocessors on the entire document, or on the given DOM element (or elements, if it is an array of elements). The element is either the DOM id of the element, a reference to the DOM element itself, or an array of id’s or references. The callback is called when the processing is complete.

Parameters:
  • element — the element to be preprocessed
  • callback — the callback specification
Returns:

the callback object

Process([element[, callback]])

Scans either the entire document or a given DOM element (or array of elements) for MathJax <script> tags and processes the math those tags contain. The element is either the DOM id of the element to scan, a reference to the DOM element itself, or an array of id’s or references. The callback is called when the processing is complete.

Parameters:
  • element — the element(s) to be processed
  • callback — the callback specification
Returns:

the callback object

Update([element[, callback]])

Scans either the entire document or a given DOM element (or elements if it is an array of elements) for mathematics that has changed since the last time it was processed, or is new, and typesets the mathematics they contain. The element is either the DOM id of the element to scan, a reference to the DOM element itself, or an array of id’s or references. The callback is called when the processing is complete.

Parameters:
  • element — the element(s) to be updated
  • callback — the callback specification
Returns:

the callback object

Reprocess([element[, callback]])

Removes any typeset mathematics from the document or DOM element (or elements if it is an array of elements), and then processes the mathematics again, re-typesetting everything. This may be necessary, for example, if the CSS styles have changed and those changes would affect the mathematics. Reprocess calls both the input and output jax to completely rebuild the data for mathematics. The element is either the DOM id of the element to scan, a reference to the DOM element itself, or an array of id’s or references. The callback is called when the processing is complete.

Parameters:
  • element — the element(s) to be reprocessed
  • callback — the callback specification
Returns:

the callback object

Rerender([element[, callback]])

Removes any typeset mathematics from the document or DOM element (or elements if it is an array of elements), and then renders the mathematics again, re-typesetting everything from the current internal version (without calling the input jax again). The element is either the DOM id of the element to scan, a reference to the DOM element itself, or an array of id’s or references. The callback is called when the processing is complete.

Parameters:
  • element — the element(s) to be reprocessed
  • callback — the callback specification
Returns:

the callback object

getAllJax([element])

Returns a list of all the element jax in the document or a specific DOM element. The element is either the DOM id of the element, or a reference to the DOM element itself.

Parameters:
  • element — the element to be searched
Returns:

array of element jax objects

getJaxByType(type[, element])

Returns a list of all the element jax of a given MIME-type in the document or a specific DOM element. The element is either the DOM id of the element to search, or a reference to the DOM element itself.

Parameters:
  • type — MIME-type of element jax to find
  • element — the element to be searched
Returns:

array of element jax objects

getJaxByInputType(type[, element])

Returns a list of all the element jax associated with input <script> tags with the given MIME-type within the given DOM element or the whole document. The element is either the DOM id of the element to search, or a reference to the DOM element itself.

Parameters:
  • type — MIME-type of input (e.g., "math/tex")
  • element — the element to be searched
Returns:

array of element jax objects

getJaxFor(element)

Returns the element jax associated with a given DOM element. If the element does not have an associated element jax, null is returned. The element is either the DOM id of the element, or a reference to the DOM element itself.

Parameters:
  • element — the element whose element jax is required
Returns:

element jax object or null

isJax(element)

Returns 0 if the element is not a <script> that can be processed by MathJax or the result of an output jax, returns -1 if the element is an unprocessed <script> tag that could be handled by MathJax, and returns 1 if the element is a processed <script> tag or an element that is the result of an output jax.

Parameters:
  • element — the element to inspect
Returns:

integer (-1, 0, 1)

setRenderer(renderer[, type])

Sets the output jax for the given element jax type (or jax/mml if none is specified) to be the one given by renderer, which must be the name of a renderer, such as NativeMML or HTML-CSS. Note that this does not cause the math on the page to be rerendered; it just sets the renderer for output in the future (call :meth:Rerender() above to replace the current renderings by new ones).

Parameters:
  • renderer — the name of the output jax to use for rendering
  • type — the element jax MIME type whose renderer to set
Returns:

null

Insert(dst, src)

Inserts data from the src object into the dst object. The key:value pairs in src are (recursively) copied into dst, so that if value is itself an object, its content is copied into the corresponding object in dst. That is, objects within src are merged into the corresponding objects in dst (they don’t replace them).

Parameters:
  • dst — the destination object
  • src — the source object
Returns:

the modified destination object

formatError(script, error)

This is called when an internal error occurs during the processing of a math element (i.e., an error in the MathJax code itself). The script is a reference to the <script> tag where the error occurred, and error is the Error object for the error. The default action is to insert an HTML snippet at the location of the script, but this routine can be overriden during MathJax configuration in order to perform some other action. MathJax.Hub.lastError holds the error value of the last error on the page.

Parameters:
  • script — the <script> tag causing the error
  • error — the Error object for the error
Returns:

null