TeX Input Processor Options¶
The options below control the operation of the TeX input
processor that is run when you include 'input/tex'
,
'input/texfull'
, or 'input/texbase'
in the load
array of
the loader
block of your MathJax configuration, or if you load a
combined component that includes the TeX input jax. They are listed
with their default values. To set any of these options, include a
tex
section in your MathJax
global object.
The Configuration Block¶
MathJax = {
tex: {
packages: ['base'], // extensions to use
inlineMath: [ // start/end delimiter pairs for inline math
['\\(', '\\)']
],
displayMath: [ // start/end delimiter pairs for display math
['$$', '$$'],
['\\[', '\\]']
],
processEscapes: true, // use \$ to produce a literal dollar sign
processEnvironments: true, // process \begin{xxx}...\end{xxx} outside math mode
processRefs: true, // process \ref{...} outside of math mode
digits: /^(?:[09]+(?:\{,\}[09]{3})*(?:\.[09]*)?\.[09]+)/,
// pattern for recognizing numbers
tags: 'none', // or 'ams' or 'all'
tagSide: 'right', // side for \tag macros
tagIndent: '0.8em', // amount to indent tags
useLabelIds: true, // use label name rather than tag for ids
multlineWidth: '85%', // width of multline environment
maxMacros: 1000, // maximum number of macro substitutions per expression
maxBuffer: 5 * 1024, // maximum size for the internal TeX string (5K)
baseURL: // URL for use with links to tags (when there is a <base> tag in effect)
(document.getElementsByTagName('base').length === 0) ?
'' : String(document.location).replace(/#.*$/, ''))
}
};
Note that some extensions make additional options available. See the TeX Extension Options section below for details.
Note also that the default for processEscapes
has changed from
false
in version 2 to true
in version 3.
Option Descriptions¶

packages: ['base']
This array lists the names of the packages that should be initialized by the TeX input processor. The input/tex and input/texfull components automatically add to this list the packages that they load. If you explicitly load addition tex extensions, you should add them to this list. For example:
MathJax = { loader: {load: ['[tex]/enclose']}, tex: { packages: {'[+]': ['enclose']} } };

inlineMath: [['\(','\)']]
This is an array of pairs of strings that are to be used as inline math delimiters. The first in each pair is the initial delimiter and the second is the terminal delimiter. You can have as many pairs as you want. For example,
inlineMath: [ ['$','$'], ['\\(','\\)'] ]
would cause MathJax to look for
$...$
and\(...\)
as delimiters for inline mathematics. (Note that the single dollar signs are not enabled by default because they are used too frequently in normal text, so if you want to use them for math delimiters, you must specify them explicitly.)Note that the delimiters can’t look like HTML tags (i.e., can’t include the lessthan sign), as these would be turned into tags by the browser before MathJax has the chance to run. You can only include text, not tags, as your math delimiters.

displayMath: [ ['$$','$$'], ['\[','\]'] ]
This is an array of pairs of strings that are to be used as delimiters for displayed equations. The first in each pair is the initial delimiter and the second is the terminal delimiter. You can have as many pairs as you want.
Note that the delimiters can’t look like HTML tags (i.e., can’t include the lessthan sign), as these would be turned into tags by the browser before MathJax has the chance to run. You can only include text, not tags, as your math delimiters.

processEscapes: false
When set to
true
, you may use\$
to represent a literal dollar sign, rather than using it as a math delimiter. Whenfalse
,\$
will not be altered, and its dollar sign may be considered part of a math delimiter. Typically this is set totrue
if you enable the$ ... $
inline delimiters, so you can type\$
and MathJax will convert it to a regular dollar sign in the rendered document.

processRefs: true
When set to
true
, MathJax will process\ref{...}
outside of math mode.

processEnvironments: true
When
true
, tex2jax looks not only for the inline and display math delimiters, but also for LaTeX environments (\begin{something}...\end{something}
) and marks them for processing by MathJax. Whenfalse
, LaTeX environments will not be processed outside of math mode.

digits: /^(?:[09]+(?:{,}[09]{3})*(?:.[09]*)?.[09]+)/
This gives a regular expression that is used to identify numbers during the parsing of your TeX expressions. By default, the decimal point is
.
and you can use{,}
between every three digits before that. If you want to use{,}
as the decimal indicator, useMathJax = { tex: { digits: /^(?:[09]+(?:\{,\}[09]*)?\{,\}[09]+)/ } };

tags: 'none'
This controls whether equations are numbered and how. By default it is set to
'none'
to be compatible with earlier versions of MathJax where autonumbering was not performed (so pages will not change their appearance). You can change this to'ams'
for equations numbered as the AMSmath package would do, or'all'
to get an equation number for every displayed equation.

tagSide: 'right'
This specifies the side on which
\tag{}
macros will place the tags, and on which automatic equation numbers will appear. Set it to'left'
to place the tags on the lefthand side.

tagIndent: "0.8em"
This is the amount of indentation (from the right or left) for the tags produced by the
\tag{}
macro or by automatic equation numbers.

useLabelIds: true
This controls whether element IDs for tags use the
\label
name or the equation number. Whentrue
, use the label, whenfalse
, use the equation number.

multlineWidth: "85%"
The width to use for the multline environment that is part of the ams extension. This width gives room for tags at either side of the equation, but if you are displaying mathematics in a small area or a thin column of text, you might need to change the value to leave sufficient margin for tags.

maxMacros: 10000
Because a definition of the form
\def\x{\x} \x
would cause MathJax to loop infinitely, themaxMacros
constant will limit the number of macro substitutions allowed in any expression processed by MathJax.

maxBuffer: 5 * 1024
Because a definition of the form
\def\x{\x aaa} \x
would loop infinitely, and at the same time stack up lots of a’s in MathJax’s equation buffer, themaxBuffer
constant is used to limit the size of the string being processed by MathJax. It is set to 5KB, which should be sufficient for any reasonable equation.

baseURL: (document.getElementsByTagName('base').length === 0) ?

'' : String(document.location).replace(/#.*$/, ''))
This is the base URL to use when creating links to tagged equations (via
\ref{}
or\eqref{}
) when there is a<base>
element in the document that would affect those links. You can set this value by hand if MathJax doesn’t produce the correct link.
The remaining options are described in the Options Common to All Input Processors section.
Developer Options¶
In addition to the options listed above, lowlevel options intended for developers include the following:

FindTeX: null
The
FindTeX
object instance that will override the default one. This allows you to create a subclass ofFindTeX
and pass that to the TeX input jax. Anull
value means use the defaultFindTeX
class and make a new instance of that.
TeX Extension Options¶
Several of the TeX extensions make additional options available in the
tex
block of your MathJax configuration. These are described
below. Note that the input/tex component, and the
combined components that load the TeX input jax, include a number of
these extensions automatically, so some these options will be
available by default.
ConfigMacros Options¶
The configMacros extension adds a macros
option to the
tex
block that lets you predefine macros.

macros: {}
This lists macros to define before the TeX input processor begins. These are name: value pairs where the name gives the name of the TeX macro to be defined, and value gives the replacement text for the macro. The value can be a simple replacement string, or an array of the form [value, n], where value is the replacement text and n is the number of parameters for the macro. The array can have a third entry: either a string that is the default value to give for an optional (bracketed) parameter when the macro is used, or an array consisting of template strings that are used to separate the various parameters. The first template must precede the first parameter, the second must precede the second, and so on until the final which must end the last parameter to the macro. See the examples below.
Note that since the value is a javascript string, backslashes in the replacement text must be doubled to prevent them from acting as javascript escape characters.
For example,
macros: { RR: '{\\bf R}', // a simple string replacement bold: ['\\boldsymbol{#1}',1] , // this macro has one parameter ddx: ['\\frac{d#2}{d#1}', 2, 'x'], // this macro has an optional parameter that defaults to 'x' abc: ['(#1)', 1, [null, '\\cba']] // equivalent to \def\abc#1\cba{(#1)} }
would ask the TeX processor to define four new macros:
\RR
, which produces a boldface “R”, and\bold{...}
, which takes one parameter and sets it in the boldface font,\ddx
, which has an optional (bracketed) parameter that defaults tox
, so that\ddx{y}
produces\frac{dy}{dx}
while\ddx[t]{y}
produces\frac{dy}{dt}
, and\abc
that is equivalent to\def\abc#1\cba{(#1)}
.
Require Options¶
The require extension defines the (nonstandard)
\require{}
macro for loading TeX extensions. Adding it to the
packages
array defines a require
subblock of the tex
configuration block with the following values:
MathJax = {
tex: {
require: {
allow: {
base: false,
'allpackages': false
},
defaultAllow: true
}
};

allow: {...}
This subobject indicates which extensions can be loaded by
\require
. The keys are the package names, and the value istrue
to allow the extension to be loaded, andfalse
to disallow it. If an extension is not in the list, the default value is given bydefaultAllow
, described below.

defaultAllow: true
This is the value used for any extensions that are requested, but are not in the
allow
object described above. If set totrue
, any extension not listed inallow
will be allowed; iffalse
, only the ones listed inallow
(with valuetrue
) will be allowed.
Autoload Option¶
The autoload extension creates macros that cause the
packages that define them to be loaded automatically when they are
first used. Adding it to the packages
array defines an
autoload
subblock to the tex
configuration block. This block
contains key: value pairs where the key is a TeX package name, and
the value is an array of macros that cause that package to be loaded,
or an array consisting of two arrays, the first giving names of macros
and the second names of environments; the first time any of them are
used, the extension will be loaded automatically.
The default autoload definitions are the following:
MathJax = {
tex: {
autoload: expandable({
action: ['toggle', 'mathtip', 'texttip'],
amsCd: [[], ['CD']],
bbox: ['bbox'],
boldsymbol: ['boldsymbol'],
braket: ['bra', 'ket', 'braket', 'set', 'Bra', 'Ket', 'Braket', 'Set', 'ketbra', 'Ketbra'],
cancel: ['cancel', 'bcancel', 'xcancel', 'cancelto'],
color: ['color', 'definecolor', 'textcolor', 'colorbox', 'fcolorbox'],
enclose: ['enclose'],
extpfeil: ['xtwoheadrightarrow', 'xtwoheadleftarrow', 'xmapsto',
'xlongequal', 'xtofrom', 'Newextarrow'],
html: ['href', 'class', 'style', 'cssId'],
mhchem: ['ce', 'pu'],
newcommand: ['newcommand', 'renewcommand', 'newenvironment', 'renewenvironment', 'def', 'let'],
unicode: ['unicode'],
verb: ['verb']
}
}
};
To prevent an extension from autoloading, set its value to an empty array. E.g., to not autoload the color extension, use
MathJax = {
tex: {
autoload: expandable({
color: []
}
}
};
If you define your own extensions, and they have a prefix other than
[tex]
, then include that in the extension name. For instance,
MathJax = {
tex: {
autoload: expandable({
'[extensions]/myExtension' : ['myMacro', 'myOtherMacro']
}
}
};
See the Loader Options section for details about how to define
your own prefixes, like the [extensions]
prefix used here.
TagFormat Options¶
The tagFormat extension allows you to control the display
and linking of equation tags and numbers. Adding this to the
packages
array adds a tagFormat
subobject to the tex
configuration block with the following values:
tagFormat: {
number: (n) => n.toString(),
tag: (tag) => '(' + tag + ')',
id: (id) => 'mjxeqn' + id.replace(/\s/g, '_'),
url: (id, base) => base + '#' + encodeURIComponent(id),
}

number: function (n) {return n.toString()}
A function that tells MathJax what tag to use for equation number
n
. This could be used to have the equations labeled by a sequence of symbols rather than numbers, or to use section and subsection numbers instead.

tag: function (n) {return '(' + n + ')'}
A function that tells MathJax how to format an equation number for displaying as a tag for an equation. This is what appears in the margin of a tagged or numbered equation.

id: function (n) {return 'mjxeqn' + n.replace(/\s/g, '_')}
A function that tells MathJax what ID to use as an anchor for the equation (so that it can be used in URL references).

url: function (id, base) {return base + '#' + encodeURIComponent(id)}
A function that takes an equation ID and base URL and returns the URL to link to it. The
base
value is taken from the baseURL value, so that links can be make within a page even if it has a<base>
element that sets the base URL for the page to a different location.
Color Options¶
The color extension defines the LaTeXcompatible \color
macro. Adding it to the packages
array defines a color
subblock of the tex
configuration block with the following values:
MathJax = {
tex: {
color: {
padding: '5px',
borderWidth: '2px'
}
}
};

padding: '5px'
This gives the padding to use for color boxes with background colors.

borderWidth: '2px'
This gives the border width to use with framed color boxes produced by
\fcolorbox
.
AmsCD Options¶
The amsCd extension defines the CD environment for
commutative diagrams. Adding it to the packages
array defines an
amsCd
subblock of the tex
configuration block with the
following values:
MathJax = {
tex: {
amsCd: {
colspace: '5pt',
rowspace: '5pt',
harrowsize: '2.75em',
varrowsize: '1.75em',
hideHorizontalLabels: false
}
}
};

colspace: '5pt'
This gives the amount of space to use between columns in the commutative diagram.

rowspace: '5pt'
This gives the amount of space to use between rows in the commutative diagram.

harrowsize: '2.75em'
This gives the minimum size for horizontal arrows in the commutative diagram.

varrowsize: '1.75em'
This gives the minimum size for vertical arrows in the commutative diagram.

hideHorizontalLabels: false
This determines whether horizontal arrows with labels above or below will use
\smash
in order to hide the height of the labels. (Labels above or below horizontal arrows can cause excess space between rows, so setting this totrue
can improve the look of the diagram.)