The loader component is the one responsible for loading the requested MathJax components. It is configured using the loader block in your MathJax configuration object. The loader block can also contain sub-blocks of configuration options for individual components, as described below in Component Configuration.

## The Configuration Block¶

In the example below, Loader represents the MathJax.loader object, for brevity.

MathJax = {
failed: function (error) {                   // function to call if a component fails to load
console.log(MathJax(${error.package || '?'}):${error.message});
},
paths: {mathjax: Loader.getRoot()},          // the path prefixes for use in specifying components
source: {},                                  // the URLs for components, when defaults aren't right
dependencies: {},                            // arrays of dependencies for each component
provides: {},                                // components provided by each component
pathFlters: []                               // functions to use to process package names
}
};


## Option Descriptions¶

load: []

This array lists the components that you want to load. If you are using a combined component file, you may not need to request any additional components. If you are using using the startup component explicitly, then you will need to list all the components you want to load.

ready: MathJax.loader.defaultReady.bind(MathJax.loader)

This is a function that is called when all the components have been loaded successfully. By default, it simply calls the startup component’s ready() function, if there is one. You can override this with your own function, can can call MathJax.loader.defaultReady() after doing whatever startup you need to do. See also the Component Configuration section for how to tie into individual components being loaded.

failed: (error) => console.log(MathJax(${error.package || '?'}):${error.message})}

This is a function that is called if one or more of the components fails to load properly. The default is to print a message to the console log, but you can override it to trap loading errors in MathJax components. See also the Component Configuration section below for how to trap individual component errors.

paths: {mathjax: Loader.getRoot()}

This object links path prefixes to their actual locations. By default, the mathjax prefix is predefined to be the location from which the MathJax file is being loaded. You can use [mathjax]/... to identify a component, and this prefix is prepended automatically for any that doesn’t already have a prefix. For example, input/tex will become [mathjax]/input/jax automatically.

When the TeX require extension is loaded, an additional tex path is created in order to be able to load the various TeX extensions.

You can define your own prefixes, for example,

MathJax = {
paths: {custom: 'https://my.site.com/mathjax'},
}
};


which defines a custom prefix that you can used to access custom extensions. The URL can even be to a different server than where you loaded the main MathJax code, so you can host your own custom extensions and still use a CDN for the main MathJax code.

You can define as many different paths as you need. Note that paths can refer to other paths, so you could do

MathJax = {
paths: {
custom: 'https://my.site.com/mathjax',
extensions: '[custom]/extensions'
},
}
};


to define the extensions prefix in terms of the custom prefix.

source: {}

This object allows you to override the default locations of components and provide a specific location on a component-by-component basis. For example:

MathJax = {
source: {
'special/extension': 'https://my.site.com/mathjax/special/extension.js'
},
}
};


gives an explicit location to obtain the special/extension component.

dependencies: {}

This object maps component names to arrays of names of components that must be loaded before the given one. The startup component pre-populates this object with the dependencies among the MathJax components, but you can add your own dependencies if you make custom components that rely on others. For example, if you make a custom TeX extension that relies on another TeX component, you would want to indicate that dependency so that if your extension is loaded via \require, for example, the loader will automatically load the dependencies first.

MathJax = {
source: {
'[tex]/myExtension: 'https://my.site.com/mathjax/tex/myExtension.js'},
},
dependencies: {
'[tex]/myExtension': ['input/tex-base', '[tex]/newcommand', '[tex]/enclose']
}
}
};


This would cause the newcommand and enclose components to be loaded prior to loading your extension, and would load your extension from the given URL even though you may be getting MathJax from a CDN.

provides: {}

This object indicates the components that are provided by a component that may include several sub-components. For example, the input/tex component loads the newcommand component (and several others), so the provides object indicates that via

loader: {
provides: {
'input/tex': [
'input/tex-base',
'[tex]/ams',
'[tex]/newcommand',
'[tex]/noundefined',
'[tex]/require',
'[tex]/configmacros'
]
}
}


The startup component pre-populates this object with the dependencies among the MathJax components, but if you define your own custom components that include other components, you may need to declare the components that it provides, so that if another component has one of them as a dependency, that dependency will not be loaded again (since your code already includes it).

For example, if your custom component [tex]/myExtension depends on the newcommand and enclose components, then

MathJax = {
source: {
'[tex]/myExtension: 'https://my.site.com/mathjax/tex/myExtension.js'},
},
dependencies: {
'[tex]/myExtension': ['input/tex-base', '[tex]/newcommand', '[tex]/enclose']
},
}
};

will load the input/tex component, which provides both
input/tex-base and [tex]/newcommand, and then load
[tex]/enclose before loading your [tex]/myExtension.

require: null

This is a function to use for loading components. It should accept a string that is the location of the component to load, and should do whatever is needed to load that component. If the loading is asynchronous, it should return a promise that is resolved when the component is loaded, ortherwise it should return nothing. If there is an error loading the component, it should throw an error.

If set null, the default is to insert a <script> tag into the document that loads the component.

For use in node applications, set this value to require, which will use node’s require command to load components. E.g.

MathJax = {
require: require
}
};

pathFilters: []

This is an array of functions that are used to process the names of components to produce the actual URL used to locate the component. There are built-in filters that perform actions like converting the prefix [tex] to the path for the TeX extensions, and adding .js to the end of the name, and so on. You can provide your own filters if you need to manage the URLs in a different way. The array consists of entries that are either functions that take a data object as an argument, or an array consisting of such a function and a number representing its priority in the list of filters (lower numbers are earlier in the list). The data object that is passed to these functions is

{
name: string,            // the current name for the package (this becomes the url in the end)
original: string,        // the original package name (should not be modified)
addExtension: boolean,   // true if .js should be added to this name at some stage in the filter list
}


The filter can change the name value to move it closer to the final URL used for loading the given package. The original property should be the original name of the package, and should not be modified.

The function should return true if the name should be futher processed by other filters in the list, and false to end processing with the name now representing the final URL for the component.

There are three default filters: one that replaces name with its value in the source list, if any; one that normalizes package names by adding [mathjax]/ if there is no prefix or protocol already, and adding .js if there is no extension; and one that replaced prefixes with their values in the paths list. These have priorities 0, 10, and 20, respectively, and you can use priorities (including negative ones) with your own functions to insert them into this list in any location.

## Component Configuration¶

In addition to the options listed above, individual compoments can be configured in the loader block by using a sub-block with the component’s name, and any of the options listed below. For example,

MathJax = {
'input/tex': {
failed: (error) => console.log(error.package + ' failed')
}
}
};


which sets up ready() and failed() functions to process when the input/tex component is either loaded successfully or fails to load.

ready: undefined

This is a function that has an argument that is the name of the component being loaded, and is called when the component and all its dependencies are fully loaded.

failed: undefined

This is a function that has an argument that is a PackageError object (which is a subclass of Error with an extra field, that being pacakge, the name of the component being loaded). It is called when the component fails to load (and that can be because one of its dependencies fails to load).

checkReady: undefined

This is a function that takes no argument and is called when the component is loaded, but before the ready() function is called. It can be used o do post-processing after the component is loaded, but before other components are signaled that it is ready. For example, it could be used to load other components; e.g., the output/chtml component can use its configuration to determine which font to load, and then load that. If this function returns a promise object, the ready() function will not be called until the promise is resolved.